Mount Pleasant Timeline

(from Plan for Archeological Excavation of Paces Paines Site, Nick Lucketti; and History of the People of Mount Pleasant, Martha McCartney)

MP = Mount Pleasant

JHCII = John Hartwell Cocke II

Pre-history – Woodland Indians, Quiyoughcohannock tribe, part of what was known by the English as the Powhatan Chiefdom

1607 Jamestown Founded, first settlement of the English in the New World

1616 Richard Pace and Isabell arrive in Virginia

1618 Private ownership of land allowed. As “Ancient planters”, Richard and Isabell entitled to receive 100 acres apiece

1618 Opechancannough succeeds Powhatan as Chief

1620, Dec. 1, Mount Pleasant land patented by Richard (carpenter) and Isabell Pace (son, George)

1622, March 22 Great Uprising of Opechancanough, brother of Powhatan, and saving of Jamestown colony by Chanco and Richard Pace’s warning

1623 Pace granted permission to return to Pace’s Paines after

Uprising

1623 R. Pace dies, wife Isabell marries Captain William Perry who gets MP

1624 Census shows no Paces left in residence on MP

1625 Muster List – shows John and Alice Proctor living at MP and 4 other households; 13 people listed

1628 from now on, tip of MP land known as a trucking point for Indian trade. Later called Swann’s Point

1632 Captain William Perry on Governor’s Council

1635, Nov. 5, William Swann patents MP; Paces Paines era households abandoned

1637 William Perry dies; wife Isabell married Jamestown merchant George Menifie

1638 William Swann dies

1638 Colonel Thomas Swann I, succeeds to MP, up to 1,950 acres, on Governor’s Council

1676 Bacon’s Rebellion against Governor Berkely; led by Nathaniel Bacon, and many supporters come from Surry County

1676 Swann’s Tavern, Jamestown, burns during Bacon’s Rebellion

1668 Samuel Swann succeeds to MP, not liked by Governor Nicholson

1706 Land owned by Joseph Jack Jackman

1709 Land owned by George Marable II, Burgess, son in law of John Hartwell

1709 Land owned by John Hartwell

1714 Will of John Hartwell survives, inventory

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1730 Richard Cocke IV (Burgess) and Elizabeth Hartwell (daughter of John Hartwell) amass large plantations (7,000+ acres) including Swann’s Neck (which includes MP), Bremo and Malvern Hills plantations

1730-1772 – MP first phase of mansion is built

1772, March 3 – Colonel John Hartwell Cocke I (son of RC4) inherits MP and most of rest of estates, age 23

1780, September 19 – John Hartwell Cocke II (JHCII) born

1791, January 29, Colonel John Hartwell Cocke I will

1791, Feb. 9, Colonel John Hartwell Cocke I dies, son JHCII is age 11

1791, Feb. 24 Inventory of JHC I estate

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1791, February 18, through 1801, brother of JHCI, Richard Cocke V, has stewardship of MP until JHCII comes of age

1801, September – JHCII legally inherits estate of MP at 21

1802, September 2, 1802 – Nov. 2003 – Schammel and McIntosh building Accts. show work at MP

1802, Dec. – Dec. 1803 Isaac Lever Accts show major work at MP

1803 JHC2 and wife, Anne Blaus Barraud (Nancy) move to MP

1804, July 6 final move into MP

1804 son, John Hartwell born

1806 daughter, Louisiana Barraud born

1808-13 Economic Depression/Jefferson Embargo

1809, July 25, MP sold to JHCII’s sister Sally and husband Nicholas Faulcon

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1809 JHCII and family move to Bremo Recess

1809 – 1812 List of household Articles moved from MP to Bremo, by Anne B. Cocke

1809-1820 JHCII Builds Bremo plantation house

1809 son, Philip St. George born

1811 daughter, Ann Blaus born

1812 War of 1812

1813, June 29 British raid on Four Mile Tree plantation and MP, destroyed furniture (p. 29 McCartney)

1813 JHCII made Brigadier General of militia, protecting Richmond; hereafterJHCII known as “The General”

1813-1819 economic Boom

1814 son, Cary Charles born

1816 daughter, Sally Faulcon born

1816 JHCII’s wife, Ann Barraurd Cocke (Nancy) dies

1817 JHCII First Chairman of Albemarle Agricultural Society, served with Thomas Jefferson and James Madison

1819 wrote for Skinner’s American Farmer magazine

1819 on Board of Visitors of University of Virginia, serves with Joseph Cabell and Thomas Jefferson and is active through the 1850’s

1820 JHCII President of United Agricultural Society of Virginia

1820 Panic of 1820

1820 Bremo plantation house finished

1820 JHCII (age 40) marries widow Louisa Maxwell Holmes (age 33)

1823-1829 JHCII on Virginia Board of Public Works

1826, February 13 Nicholas Faulcon will – by April 24 he dies

1826 JHCII Inherits Bremo recess

1826 VP American Society to Colonize Freed Negroes

1828-35 MP slaves being taught on plantation illegally

1833, Oct., slave Peyton Skipwith freed by JHCII

1834-6 JHCII builds Bremo Recess, romantic Jacobean style house

1835 JHCII Beaten by pro-slavers

1830’s Silkworm fever

1830-34 JHCII President and VP Virginia Temperance Convention

1836-1841 JHCII on Board of James River and Kanawha Company, building of canal at Maiden’s Adventure 1836, through land of Bremo Recess (he sold to them)

1836-43 JHCII First President American Temperance Society

1837 Panic of 1837

1840 JHCII begins Hopewell Plantation, in Greene County, Alabama as a way to make cash to enable him to train and free slaves

1841 MP sold to George Wilson, renovated substantially (McCartney, p. 32)

1843 JHCII is first to use McCormick’s reaper on the James River

1845 A.J. Davis, fashionable architect, builds Belmead for Philip St. George Cocke, the richest of the Cocke’s, one of the richest men in the country

1850 Compromise of 1850, a national compromise on slavery expansion

1852 First group of Slaves freed – for Liberia colony (14 total are freed before 1860)

1852 Cocke family Cenotaph built at MP, designed by A.J. Davis

1853-55 George Davis, owner of MP keeps diary

1858-60 JHCII published articles on the evils of tobacco

1861 New Hope Plantation started in Alabama

1861 JHCII’s son, General Phillip St. George Cocke, commits suicide

1863, April 2, Alexander Aldridge buys MP

1865, March 8, Federal troops raid Bremo

1865 General Robert E. Lee at Bremo

1866 Share Cropping at MP started with former slaves

1866, July 1 JHCII dies

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1878, May 20, MP sold to Reubin C. Gray of Illinois

1884 absentee owner, Emma E. Wingfield

1887, October 29, Miss Amelia Schmidt ownership, MP deteriorates in $ value

1898 Fire burns MP mansion, all interiors destroyed

1899 MP sold to John and Amelia Schmidt (?)

1900 MP sold to James P. and Hattie Beatty

1926 Bremo Auction of Cocke family furniture

1934, March 28, MP sold to Ingersoll Manufacturing and Development Co.

1937, Jan. 1, MP sold to John Tucker Battle

1941, March 28, MP sold to Franz von Schilling

1974, July 1, von Schilling conveys land at Swann’s Point to US to protect the historic area from being considered for bridge construction

1975 Trustees of von Schilling control MP (Virginia von Schilling Eley and Franz von Schilling III)

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2000, September 28, restoration begins.

2008, Spring, restoration of the mansion finished.